Archive for the ‘Disease Reports’ Category

Ebola by Marina April 2012

Monday April 23, 2012

Ebola virus is a branch of viruses that originated in Africa.  All four types of Ebola are deadly and incurable.  So far, it is impossible to vaccinate against or cure Ebola.  This disease is a virus, so it can’t be cured with an antibiotic. 

 

Ebola is spread by all primates, pigs, and bats.  Ebola has no vectors, so all of these animals get sick from Ebola.  This disease is caused by one of four viruses called Bundibugyo virus, Sudan virus, Tai Forest virus or Ebola virus.  They are all different sub-types of Ebola, and they all do the same damage on mammals. 

After four to six days of being infected, the symptoms start.  Those few days are called the incubation period of Ebola.  Some of the symptoms are: a hacking cough, stomach pain, fever, vomiting, red eyes, bleeding rashes in and outside of your body.  And those aren’t all of them.  Most of your skin, along with your muscle tissue will fall off.  This results in you vomiting up the black, infected remains of your organs.

 

Being in any physical contact with an infected person’s blood or bodily fluids will make it very likely for you to also be infected with Ebola.  If you’re a doctor and you were taking blood tests of an infected person you would most likely get Ebola too.  Luckily for most people, Ebola does not spread through the air, so you probably(emphasis on probably)won’t get any version of Ebola if you don’t get in contact with blood, mucus, sweat or other bodily fluids of an infected person.

Ebola virus used to kill people off so quickly that it didn’t spread out of Africa.  Now, due to fast air travel, the disease has spread to different places all over the world.  There is no vector for Ebola because it is so deadly, instead, pigs, bats, rodents, and primates all suffer and 90% of them die.

 

References

“Study finds pigs susceptible to virulent ebolavirus can transmit the virus to other animals”. www.Eurekalert.org 5-13-11. 2-11-2012. http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-05/idso-sfp051211.php.

Shoenstadt, Arthur, MD. “Signs and Symptoms of Ebola”. emedtv.com, 10-23-06. 2-11-12. http://ebola.emedtv.com/ebola/signs-and-symptoms-of-ebola.html.

Draper, Allison. Ebola. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, 2002.

DeSalle, Rob, ed. Epidemic: The World of Infectious Disease. New York: The new press, 1999.

PSA (see link: Marina_PSA_ebola_2012 )

Malaria – by Brandon P. 2012

Wednesday April 4, 2012

Malaria is a disease common in many African places.  It is a wide-spreading disease that African-American children can often get.  Malaria is caused by an Anopheline Mosquito (female mosquito).  Malaria develops in the gut of the mosquito and it passes into the human through the mosquito’s saliva as it is biting and sucking a human’s blood.  The Plasmodium then travels to the human’s liver and then is distributed into the bloodstream.  The disease then begins to break down you red blood cells one-by-one. 

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Plague – By Tyler W. February 2012

Tuesday April 3, 2012

Plague

The plague was an infectious disease or so the people of the Middle Ages thought when the first outbreak happened.  The plague killed one fourth of the people in Europe in mid 1300s.  After that there were more out breaks all around the world.  This disease is a deadly, and can kill you in one week. There are three types of plagues: septicemic, bubonic, and pneumonic. Each of these is all different.  All of the three diseases are caused by the rat which is transmitted by the flea.  The real term for the disease in the rat is Yersinia Pasties.

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Chicken Pox – by Peter K. February 2012

Tuesday April 3, 2012

Chickenpox

Chickenpox is a disease that spreads fairly easily. Caused by the varicella virus, chickenpox’s symptoms start 1-2 days before a rash appears. There is no known vector for this illness. Sore throats are often the first signs of chickenpox. This may be accompanied by fevers and headaches. The infamous rash of chickenpox (red spots)   constantly appears for up to seven days. These spots can blister and crust over all in 2 days.

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Breast Cancer – by Ashby B. February 2012

Tuesday April 3, 2012

“About 1 in 8 U.S. women (just under 12%) will develop invasive breast cancer over the course of her lifetime.” 1  There are many questions about breast cancer that we ask ourselves like what causes this disease? What are the symptoms?  How is this disease spread among humans?  And how is this disease medically treated?  We need to know the answers because if we don’t then we might be more likely to get it.

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